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• Provide vertical capabilities
• Bringing beauty
• To provide security
• As a wall of separation
• As a resistance to horizontal forces
• Giving a good finish

There are two main types of brick walls, depending on the function of the wall.

• Load bearing wall
• Non-load bearing wall

Load bearing wall

• External wall
• Retaining wall

Non load bearing wall

• Internal/partition wall
• Garden wall

Load bearaing walls

The wall built on a continuous foundation and which support the entire load including their own load all referred as load-bearing walls.
Classification load-bearing Walls
• Solid masonry wall
• Cavity wall
• Faced wall
• Veneered wall

Non load bearing walls

The wall which simply serve as screen for privacy and do not take any load except their own are called non-load bearing wall

Retaining walls

A wall of increasing thickness constructed for the purpose of retaining soil or water to one side is referred as retaining walls.
A brest wall also a retaining wall but itis provided to protect natural sloping ground from the cutting action of weathering agencies like rain, snou etc.

A brick standard  dimension,

Plaster Thickness (Joint) WithoutJoint with a standard A brick Dimensions

Plaster Thickness (Joint) 10mm

 British  standard Brick dimensions (Trench)

Plaster Thickness (Joint) WithoutJoint with a standard A brick Dimensions
Length8 5/89
Width4 1/84 1/2
Height2 5/83
Plaster Thickness (Joint) 3/4

Parts of a brick wall

Horizontal brick row of walls
Stretcher course
a brick stretcher Faces Forward drop Next Brick course
Header course
a brick header Faces Forward drop Next Brick course
Bet Joint
Brick course horizontal Applied Plaster layer
Vertical Joint
Brick course vertical Applied Plaster layer
Toothing End
Termination of a wall in such a fashion that each alternate course at the end projects, in order to provide adequate bond for future extension
Racking End
Step by Step Finishing a Wall.
Stopped End
Queen Header

Brick Parts

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